a time for peace

– standing against occupation

a simple day…

Yesterday was a good day, a day of surprises, a day that is a good example of the life I live here.  We expected to go to Al-Walejah, a near-by village, to harvest olives so we had to be up early to have time to dress, eat, and get to the meeting point in Bethlehem, where we were told a bus would meet us to take us out to the village.  We were to get to “in front of the courthouse” on Hebron Road by 8:00.  Unfortunately, none of us knew where that was – and, as it turns out, neither did the taxi driver!  Fortunately, the guys who we were meeting knew where we had been dropped off and came to rescue us!  So, on to the harvest… well, not quite…

First, we had to wait for others to arrive, so we went into an office to wait and it turned out it was the headquarters of the Palestinian Medical Relief Society – which meant we spent about an hour getting an introduction to their work around the Bethlehem area and the West Bank.  They sponsor mobile units that travel all over the West Bank, offering primary care to villagers who have no medical facilities in their town.  Dentists and doctors with specialties (gynecology, ophthalmology, oncology, etc) volunteer hours each week in 26 clinics.  Together these programs reach 1.5 million patients in the West Bank each year – even though they are often prevented from reaching the one who need them the most.  In recent years, seventy-two women have delivered their babies at the wrong side of the checkpoints, and many of the newborns didn’t survive.  The doctor talking with us said, “they are living in tragedy, yet bringing hope.”

Grateful for this new contact, we were now ready to pick some olives…Joining with a few others we began out journey to the village.  We met at the home of the group leader and waited for a larger bus that took us down into the fields on a road that was so narrow and steep the driver drove the last mile or so backwards to be sure he could get the bus back up the steep grade. Then we trekked to the field… but no! First we were taken on a tour to see an olive tree whose underground trunk was 25 km around and whose carbon-test results date the tree at well over 3000 years!

Finally, 2.5 hrs after we started our journey, we reached the field and began harvesting with about 35 internationals and 25 Palestinians.  About 12:30 lunch was served – bread to be dipped into bowls of the greenest olive oil I have ever seen, fresh hummus, home-made yogurt cheese with more oil, piping hot falafel balls, and grape molasses. And, of course a fire was started for Arabic coffee and mint tea!

About 3:00 we finished for the day and found our way home – stopping at the market stand for fruits and veggies.  After a quick shower and dinner, we headed to Manger Square in the Old City of Bethlehem for a huge, 5-screen showing of “Identity of the Soul,” a multi-media presentation with readings by the beloved Mahmoud Darwish, Palestinian National poet extraordinaire who died last August in Houston TX, after a critical heart operation there.  It was an ironic end to a day that began with volunteer doctors trying hard to serve/save their people.

The “Identity of the Soul” was an amazingly sophisticated, intellectual, multi-media presentation from a people living in oppression, with little medical care and up to 65% unemployment, who depend on protection from internationals to pick their olives – reminding me once again how difficult it is to define these people and this situation in which they struggle to find their identities!  So we ended our day over a last cup of coffee… a bit more confused but glad for the gifts of the day!

peace/salaam – Pastor Pat


October 19, 2008 Posted by | Israel, Occupation, Palestine, peace, Uncategorized | 3 Comments


Some readers have asked, “What are settlers exactly?  And are there any good settlers?” I remember hearing the term before coming here, but it really didn’t register with me. Now, after some experience with them, I would say there are roughly three kinds of settlers: first, the ideological, religious settlers (up to 85-90% in many settlements); second, the economic settlers, who just want the incentives of cheaper rent, utilities, and taxes, etc; third, the “don’t know and don’t care” settlers.  But all of them are illegal under international law – the settlers, the settlements, and the settler roads, which are major parts of the apartheid system that is ripping the West Bank to shreds.

Ideological religious settlers are the forward thrust of the settlement movement.  They are the religious extremists who feel justified in attacking anyone who gets in the way of their belief that God wants them to take the land any way they can. Even the best case of those who think they are obeying God’s will, hold a worse case understanding of how God’s will is to be accomplished.  

When we visited a settlement this morning and met with their “PR man,” Bob Lang, I was disappointed to find his presentation to us was mostly just racist propaganda – as in: on one hand, “everything that is wrong is caused by the ‘Arab/Muslim terrorists,'”  and, on the other hand, “this land is meant for the Jewish people because God said so and we were here centuries ago.”  

When challenged that perhaps an abuse of power by the Israeli’s is adding to the turmoil, or asked how to deal with the fact that Palestinians have also been on this land for centuries, he just circled around and around, without acknowledging there might be two sides to this conflict.  It is difficult to have a conversation with someone who plays the “God loves Jews best card,” the “they’re all terrorists card” and the “security card.”  

Those of us serving here believe that God wants this land to be enjoyed by all people living here. We know every Palestinian is no more a terrorist, than every Christian in the USA in the 1960’s were KKK members.  And we’d all agree Israel (as every other country) needs to do whatever they can to keep their people safe and secure.

Where we differ is on to what extent an Occupying nation can inflict abuse and human rights violations on the occupied people without the international community crying out and demanding a halt to the abuse.  For this spokesman, there are no limits – he made it clear that if there is even one criminal in Gaza, that justifies turning off the electricity to 1.5 million people until they find him/her and turn him/her in. Right now, if Zionist Jews wants to live in the area inhabited by Palestinians, they hold the trump card, and can use any degree of violent force necessary to get rid of the current residents, without the army or anyone else stopping them.

Non-religious settlers don’t cause as much trouble, but their very presence is still illegal and lends support to the more extreme settlers.  But ultimately, the responsibility for the continuing problem of expanding settlements and abusive settlers belongs with the Israeli government. It is the leaders of Israel (and their international supporters) who must be held accountable for the expansion of the settlements and the harassments they allow to continue. Please pray with me that this problem is solved as we seek an end to the Occupation.

Peace/Salaam – Pastor Pat

October 15, 2008 Posted by | Uncategorized | 1 Comment

on the road

This weekend, I’ve been in Hebron, a busy city in the southern part of the West Bank, where I stayed with the EA Team who serve there – and I visited the tombs of Abraham and Sarah, Isaac and Rebecca, Jacob and Leah, shopped in the Souk (market) in the Old City that has been devastated by the Occupation, and met some of the fanatical settlers that have moved in and are causing such unrest in this Muslim city.  On Shabbat, after their family dinner, they go out for a stroll tohurl rocks into Palestinian houses and intimidate everyone they meet. Midweek, they focus their attacks on young girls walking to school or on farmers trying to work in their fields.  Settlers are by far, the scariest people in Israel-Palestine – even the IDF soldiers are too afraid to stop them! The Hebron Team has a difficult job as they confront religious fanaticism every single day.  I’m still processes my encounter with a settler who threatened me with an enormous gun (AK-47?) and demanded I honor Shabbat and stop using a camera to record his bad behavior! I got the whole thing on tape as I scurried behind the human line of internationals! 🙂 

While I was there, we also traveled south to Susiya, a village south of Yatta, whose Bedouin-type community is being targeted by other settlers.  The EA Team travels down every Friday and spends the night in this rather primitive village to offer protection to them from different settlers who are doing everything they can to force the people off their land, again, especially on Shabbat. Saturday, a group from Ta’ayush (Israeli peacemakers) came down with a water tank truck and we supported the Palestinians who needed to enter a newly declared “military zone” to access a Palestinian well. After a rather volatile beginning with the army, police and settlers getting involved, the army declared a military emergency and all of the internationals were thrown out of the village, but the water was transferred to the village cistern. After hiding out for a couple hours in the hills, we met up again and celebrated the victory on our trip back to Hebron.

How people (sadly, most of whom are from America) who have chosen to live in the Holy Land of Israel because of their religious beliefs, can use those beliefs and their understanding of their place as the chosen ones of God to cause such hardship and hurtfulness, especially on Shabbat, is hard for me to understand.  That they get away with it, is unconscionable – not only for the Israeli military and government who do nothing to stop them, but also for the many wealthy American Zionist Jews and Christians who actively support this kind of behavior.

Today, though I am saddened, I am also glad to be here doing something to balance the American reputation, and having a chance to return good for evil on behalf of a God who loves us all – and simply wants us to do the same, especially on the day God gives us to rest and focus on our relationship with God and each another.

peace/salaam – Pastor Pat

October 6, 2008 Posted by | Israel, Occupation, Palestine, peace, Uncategorized | 4 Comments

Rosh Hashanah and Eid el Fitr – together!

Ramadan has come to the ending celebration, Eid el Fitr – and it coincided with Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year.  Everyone celebrating on the same day!  I was invited to a joint celebration event that I’m guessing was a one-of-a-kind in the Mid-East!  Included on the private invitation list for the event were Israeli Jews, Palestinian Muslims, and international Christians (me and two friends) – everybody willing to assume great personal risk, to do what was right, in the name of friendship.

First, we met by a pool of water, Ein Haniya Spring, just inside the West Bank, for the Jewish New Year ritual of Tashlikh – with prayers and a symbolic casting of our sins and negative burdens into the water, according to the message from the Prophet Micah: “And compassion is on its way to us. You’ll stamp out our wrongdoing. You’ll sink our sins to the bottom of the ocean.” (7:19, The Message)

Then, we trekked up into the village of al Wallaja to the home of a Muslim family, who were eager to open their home to this unusual group.  Here we ate sweets and sweets and sweets at a grand Christmas-like family party.  Then came dinner… platters and platters and platters of food – which, being only given a large spoon each, we ate from together!  We watched wedding videos and talked and laughed and even danced together – Jews, Muslims, Christians, Israelis, Palestinians, Internationals – in an area of the world where friendship gatherings like this are rare, to say the least!  We shared stories and became friends, or as more than one said, “more than friends, family!”

How was this gathering possible?  In late 2003, group of friends: an Israeli Jew, a Palestinian Muslim, an American Christian, and a guy with a Jewish mother and a Christian father, who had recently converted to Islam (!) shared a dream of starting a cafe that would be open to everyone from any nation in the world. Thus began All Nations Cafe! Five years later, it is no longer in East Jerusalem, but has moved out to a roadside location just past the Israeli checkpoint in an area all people can reach – at least for now!

People gather in an old house for coffee and conversation, and they build friendships.Together, they hold classes for children and adults, theater workshops, and winter and summer family camps. Israeli kids and Arab kids act and sing and dance together.  For all those who are part of All Nations Cafe, an important part of their ongoing work is taking care of Ein Haniya spring and its surroundings so they can continue to enjoy it together.

People caring for one another and the land they share – this is where hope is born.  In the hearts of these men and women, boys and girls, lies the greatest chance for peace that I have seen in this land of conflict – a willingness to accept each other with love and respect, and work together for a better tomorrow.  What a wonderful way to begin a new year, for all of us!

peace/salaam/shalom – Pastor Pat

“For as the earth brings forth its shoots, and as a garden causes what is sown in it to spring up, so the Lord God will cause righteousness and praise to spring up before all the nations.” – Isaiah 61:11

October 1, 2008 Posted by | Uncategorized | 2 Comments

holiness made real

On my first visit to the Holy Land, Woods (my husband) and I were on a spiritual pilgrimage.  We had joined a tour group of pastors and spouses, mostly from the Southwest, and traveled thru the land Jesus walked, reading Scripture, taking time for prayer, and immersing ourselves in the beautiful holiness of this land.  We breathed the holy air, ate the holy foods, visited the holy sites, and found it difficult to sleep as we felt that time here was so preciously short.  My favorite place was the Temple Mount, as I was filled with a deep sense of joy to be in a place that seemed at once so familiar, yet so uniquely different than anywhere I had ever been! It was an Israel/Palestine visit that nourished my soul and I am grateful for the memories.

My time here now is very different. The land is still the Holy Land and the places I walk in are still so unique from my previous experience in the world, but I feel the holiness differently.  I can no longer think of it as a magical place where God graced humankind in a mysterious way. God is not somehow floating above the land, filling it with divine beauty and meaning, with hope and peace.  Rather, I feel the holiness of God where I didn’t fully expect it – in the gritty, harsh reality of the everyday life of ordinary struggling people.  It shows itself not just in the elaborate cathedrals that fill this land, but in the simple homes of poverty stricken people, where we are offered tea and a chance to sit and rest.  

God’s holy hope is in the many Palestinians and internationals who develop leadership programs for the youth who will someday lead their country. God’s holy grace is in the hearts of so many who say they want to forgive, if only they can find a future opened to them.  God’s holy love is in genuine smiles and welcome of the children who are filled with joy to meet someone new and to say with pride in English, “Hello, how are you?”

In the midst of Occupation, the holiness of Jesus, who knew life under occupation, offers us the choice of living in freedom. In the face of poverty, which was Jesus’ reality, we can offer up what we have to one another, and find God’s abundance flowing to us. In the darkness of deep suffering and loss, it is the Holy Spirit of our suffering God who fills us with a hope for a better tomorrow.

The holiness of God permeates this place, just as it does all places on earth, as God’s people keep their hearts and minds and eyes on Jesus and allow Him to bring us the strength and the peace we need to be His witnesses and to live according to His ways – with a holiness deep within us and our daily lives.  May that holy peace keep our hearts filled with joy and wonder everyday, everywhere.

Peace/salaam – Pastor Pat

September 29, 2008 Posted by | Occupation, Palestine, peace, Uncategorized | 4 Comments

Nu’aman, israeli land…palestinian people

After the 1967 war, Israel annexed some land south of Jerusalem into the city limits, including the village of Nu’aman.  So the land became part of Israel. Unfortunately, due to a clerical choice made by someone who didn’t know the area, the people were registered in the town of their “civic leader,” who lived 2 km away.  So the 200 villagers have ID’s declaring they are Palestinian.  The problem is that Palestinian people cannot be on Israeli land without special permits, which mean the people of Nu’aman are now living illegally in their own homes!

And, if that’s not bad enough, Israel has refused to accept responsibility for the people of this land – they are not providing water or garbage pick-up or municipal services, such as schools, medical clinics, or police protection. Plus, the Israeli government will not allow the construction of any new homes – which means the children of the current villagers have to leave the village when it it time to start their own families.  The Palestinian Authority has been providing some water services, but they are not allowed to do more.

Recently the village has been cut off completely as the roads have been closed – at one end of the village the road was dug up and an earth mound put across it; at the other end there is a checkpoint for cars and pedestrians.  Now there is also a fence, that will eventually be an extension of the Wall, that threatens to separate the people from their farmlands! Because of the remote area that surrounds this checkpoint, the Israeli soldiers are freer to commit abuses, especially on the children who are walking home from their school in Beit Sahour.  At times, the children have been deliberately trapped in the turnstiles until they repeated crude insults about their parents; another time, a young girl was forced to dance before being freed.

The villagers ask us to come out as often as possible to offer our protection and we try to cover this checkpoint whenever we can. But we know we are not the solution the villagers need. Either the village must be reclassified as Palestine land or the people must all be issued Jerusalem ID’s.  But either way, the people lose something valuable.  If the land is reclassified, they will lose all access to Jerusalem and the holy sites, as well as the chance to visit family members living there. If they are granted Jerusalem Israeli ID’s, they will lose the ability to go to their farmland, and also they will require permits to go to Beit Sahour, the closest town just across a small valley, which includes their shops, their mosque, their schools, their friends, so much of their regular daily life.

Again and again, I am finding that until the Occupation ends, trying to solve these problems is almost impossible – there is no win/win for anyone, and the longer the Occupation continues the more difficult and more absurd these situations become.  The village is asking for the Wall to be rerouted, but up to now Israel has not acted reasonably, so their hopes are dim that a peaceful and good solution will be found.

Please follow this story through the Jewish-Arab partnership organization, Ta’ayush, a political activist group working on this case.  And keep these villagers in your prayers as they endure living in this confusion of identity at home.

peace/salaam – Pastor Pat

September 26, 2008 Posted by | Occupation, Palestine, Uncategorized | 1 Comment

the ache of lost hope

I have been connecting to young adults lately… I find them, they find me. We share some time and I listen – and my heart is breaking as I hear their pain.  It is not about the Wall, or the Occupation, or the political situation that they want to talk.  It is the despair of well-educated (graduates of Bethlehem University), good looking, respectable, hard-working, young (25-27 yr olds) men who see no future for themselves here in this land.  They have done everything right – worked hard, been good, made their parents proud, yet the eyes that look into mine are aching and confused.

They are Christians, caught between the Israeli Jews and the Palestinian Muslims, neither of which care about them or their place in the society.
Their families are suffering economically, and in this culture, the sons are expected to financially help their parents, many of whom are forced to retire at age 60 with no pension or health benefits.  Although there are 5-7 Christian women to each Christian man, they cannot imagine ever having enough money to marry (the groom’s family pays for most of the very expensive wedding) or to buy a house.  The low end jobs that are available, won’t cover even simple living expenses so they can get an apartment and move out of their parents home.  At age 25, they are overwhelmed, and have little to no hope of a brighter future.

And maybe even worse, for this age group, there is nothing to do, no where to go, night after night after night.  The town just next to Bethlehem, Beit Jala’s “strip” has one bar/club, one pool hall, and one grocery shop.  There are no movie theaters, no zoos or parks, no bowling alleys, no community centers catering to young adults.  And they can’t go into Jerusalem, where at least something is happening!  There is nothing for them to do outside of sitting around their parents homes – which are usually filled with younger siblings or nieces and nephews!

Their only hope, economically and socially, is to leave this place and find a way to build a future far from home.  But that means finding an American or European business owner who will “sponsor” them – give them a job and file papers with Immigration – so they can get a work visa for two years and begin the process of applying for citizenship.  It’s still a rough road, but as they send money home, the whole family benefits – and that means more Christians will be able to stay in this land that means so much to them – and all Christians everywhere.

Part of my job here is to advocate for the people here in ways that will help, so if anyone reading this is willing to take a chance and provide a job and a future for some very deserving young men caught in the ache of lost hope, please let me know and I will connect you.  It may be the most significant way you can make a difference, by offering an opportunity of hope for someone ready to believe in it again.

peace/salaam – Pastor Pat

Surely there is a future, And your hope will not be cut off. 
Listen, my son, and be wise, And direct your heart in the way.
– Proverbs 23:18-19

September 22, 2008 Posted by | Uncategorized | 2 Comments

checkpoint watch

We are at the Bethlehem Checkpoint three or four times each week, watching as people enter Israel.  It’s one of the very few that make sense to me.  The vast majority of the checkpoint stations are between the West Bank and the West Bank –  often in the middle of nowhere, put in by the Israeli’s to have control of the Palestinian people even when they are going from their village into the closest town, or their homes to their farm fields and olive groves.  It is a strategy of “Restriction of Movement” that creates hardship on the Palestinians for no discernible reason other than keeping the West Bank folks off the roads used by, or the land confiscated by, the illegal settlers (read: apartheid roads). They make no sense, and I’ll talk more about them another time.

But the Bethlehem Checkpoint makes sense – it is the official entry from one state, Palestine, into another, Israel – albeit totally under the authority of Israel because of the Occupation.  It should be similar to the border checkpoints between any two nations.  But while monitoring this checkpoint this morning, it occurred to me what an embarrassment it is for Israel.  This should be the welcome station, the information center, the grand entrance into a beautiful and proud country.  After years of staffing this checkpoint, the well-trained army of Israel should have this down to a science – and an art! They should be proud to receive people from around the world here.

But instead, it is a dirty, ugly entrance, staffed by inexperienced, often inefficient soldiers, police, and security forces, that rarely runs well.  Mired in discrimination, it doesn’t open for Palestinians until 5 am (on good days) – though I am told the internationals other than Palestinians can get thru whenever they arrive. When the Palestinians get there, they must wait in long, fenced-in ramps until they reach a crude cut-thru in the Wall, then they move into the terminal.  It often opens late, the three metal detectors are very rarely ever all working – and are insufficient even when they are.

The “humanitarian” gate for women, the elderly, and those who are physically challenged, has only been opened on Ramadan Fridays.  There’s nothing friendly or welcoming anywhere at the checkpoint – there’s garbage all over the grounds, few places to sit and rest, and the soldiers remain anonymously aloof (and scary!) in their dark enclosures. 

Israel could do better.  Tel Aviv, where many internationals enter the country is beautiful and clean and welcoming.  The “herding of animals” feel at this entrance that so many people speak of when visiting the checkpoint, isn’t necessary for security.  It seems to be simply a disregard for the dignity of a people, whom the Israeli government seems to enjoy demeaning and treating in the worst possible way. Yet, in the end, the conditions here reflect more negatively on the Israeli government than on the Palestinian people.  My hope is that international tourists will stop riding thru the checkpoint in buses and start walking thru like the Palestinians – my guess is that would bring changes that would allow me to look forward to watching as Israel welcomes all people into their country. 

peace/salaam – Pastor Pat

September 16, 2008 Posted by | Uncategorized | 3 Comments

speaking Arabic

I tried Rosetta Stone, we’ve had rambo on-site lessons, everyone I spend my day with speaks it, but Arabic is just not getting thru to me!  I like languages and have learned quite a few, but this time the accent, the speed, and the vocab are somehow combined in a way that reduces me to hand signals every time.  But I’ve discovered a solution… there is another Arabic language that I can succeed at – the language of hospitality and cooking!

It all starts with shopping… that I can do!  First to the vegetable stand, where, no matter what they are called, I can recognize tomatoes, cabbage and eggplant.  Then on to the bread shop to pick up the freshest pita and flat breads I’ve ever tasted that are baked right in the store front – and even out on the sidewalk!

Next comes a trek to the spice shop in the Old City of Bethlehem – close to where Mary may have chosen some of the same spices as she cooked for her family some 2000 years ago.  This was a bit harder for me – you try figuring out hand-signals for “coriander” sometime :-0 – I opted for smelling each bin, which, for a former Montessori teacher, was an amazing way to choose spices!  

Although our cooking surface has only 2 burners and no oven, I managed to make my first Arabic meal: Fattoush Salad, Pita Bread, and Stuffed Cabbage Leaves!  And my teammates ate it all with enthusiasm!  We may be very different from our Palestinian friends here, but I’ve discovered that appreciating food together makes us all realize we have lots in common too!  

And I’m hoping that when I get home, the Arabic food I cook will build bridges to you, as I fill my presentations with something irresistible – not fancy talk, but good, down-home, simple cooking!  I know everybody understands that message of care and solidarity, no matter what language they speak!

peace/salaam – Pastor Pat

September 14, 2008 Posted by | Uncategorized | 1 Comment

tent of nations…a place of peace

Yesterday I accompanied a group of German women up to a place outside of the Bethlehem area called “The Tent of Nations.”  It is actually a local farm operated by a Christian family of 4 brothers and 5 sisters who have been struggling to survive in spite of Israeli settlers and court cases for the last 20 years.  You see, the farm is located on a hilltop, and the settlers’ strategy on the West Bank is to grab all of the high ground they can and claim it for Israeli – even tho’ allowing civilians to populate occupied territories is illegal under international law.  As former Prime Minister Ariel Sharon predicted, by the time the world (i.e. America and Europe) realize what’s happening, it will be a done deal and there will be no more room for Palestinians in their own land.  That strategy is working.

Tent of Nations is surrounded by four settlements on neighboring hilltops.  The newest is filled with settlers determined to take the Nasser farmland any way they can.  They have uprooted 350 olive trees of these farmers, bulldozed huge boulders onto the middle of the farm access road so cars can no longer pass, and harassed them with midnight attacks.  Drivers who take internationals out to see what is happening are often attacked as they wait in their buses and taxis on the other side of the boulders, making it difficult to find a ride out there.

The Israeli courts (legally or not) demand proof that the land belongs to this Palestinian family – and luckily for this family, their grandfather wisely registered their land at a time when many didn’t because of high taxes.  They have documents from the Ottoman, the British, the Jordanian, and the Palestinian governments.  But, after 17 years of battling in the courts, when it came to the Supreme Court, one settler came with a single paper containing the Old Testament promise to Abraham and claimed this was a paper from God proving the Jews owned the land. Even tho’ the judge was incredulous, and could have ended this atrocious and very costly harassment, the case was postponed once more!

The family has taken a positive attitude and created a type of peace center on the land, welcoming international students who need to do community service in lieu of military service, to join them for a year.  Since they cannot get a permit to build, it all takes place in tents or in the small nearby village! 

They offer camps for village children and classes for women to learn English, computer skills, health and medical issues. On Monday, a British woman will come to teach on alternative medicine.  They want to be a bridge for peace, even in the midst of the persecution.  Their answer to the violence:  they connected with a group of Israeli peace activists who came out and replanted 200 of the trees – and with internationals who helped fund the planting of an additional 500 trees!  That’s non-violent resistance winning the hilltop and perhaps a future!

peace/salaam – Pastor Pat


He shall judge between many peoples,
and shall arbitrate between strong nations far away;
they shall beat their swords into plowshares,
and their spears into pruning hooks;
nation shall not lift up sword against nation,
neither shall they learn war any more.
Micah 4:3    


September 13, 2008 Posted by | Uncategorized | Leave a comment